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Enjoy the Present or Look Towards the Future: The Influence of Happiness Orientation on Purchase Preference
Yang Yan, Yu Ying
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 96-114.  
Abstract451)      PDF (9767KB)(528)       Save
Based on the perspective of anticipated happiness, three studies were conducted to confirm the influence of individual's orientation to happiness ( OTH) on purchase type preference, and also verify the mediating role of long-term utility concern. Study 1 found that compared with hedonic OTH, eudemonic OTH can lead consumers to pay more attention to the long utility of products and future self, in turn to enhance the preferences of material products. In addition, purchase preference is manifested not only in the financial cost input to the product ( study 1A) , but also in the time cost input to the product (study IB). This effect is robust even after controlling the purchase objectives ( study 2). However, when experiential products also provide long-term utilities, the effect of OTH on purchase type preference will be weakened ( study 3).
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Privacy Violation Makes You Pursue Uniqueness—Based on the Psychological Mechanism of Perceptual Boundary Invasion
Liu Xinyan, Wang Lu, Liu Xiaowen, Zhai Xiuxiu
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 1-19.  
Abstract391)      PDF (10710KB)(426)       Save
The mobile internet enables consumers to switch quickly across multiple scenarios. In this context, this paper explores the mechanism and boundary condition of how the impact of privacy violation further spreads to other seemingly unrelated consumption scenarios. Five experimental studies reveal that privacy violation enhanced consumers' preferences for unique products in subsequent consumptions. The underlying process driving this effect is that consumers perceived their personal boundaries have been invaded when encountering privacy violation and thus sought to rebuild their psychological boundaries by using unique products which symbol invisible boundaries. However, this effect does not exist among consumers with low privacy concerns.
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" Extenuating" or " Worse" —The Impact of Cultural Mixing on Consumers’ Willingness to Forgive
Nie Chunyan, Wang Tao, Liu Yingwei
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 20-36.  
Abstract353)      PDF (9722KB)(412)       Save
In order to win the favor of local consumers, more and more global brands begin to use local cultural elements in product design or marketing process. When such global brands make mistakes, will consumers ( due to their love for these brands) think the brands are excusable, or will consumers blame the brands and think they are worse? From the perspective of brand mistakes, this study explores the influence of culture mixing on consumers’willingness to forgive, and deeply analyzes its mediating mechanism and possible boundary conditions. Through two experimental studies, it is found that consumers are more likely to forgive cultural mixed global brands than non-cultural mixed global brands, because the application of local cultural elements will narrow the psychological distance between global brands and consumers, and thus trigger their in-group brand preference. However, this effect only exists when the global brand makes competence mistakes. However, when the brand makes moral mistakes, because consumers have higher moral requirements for those who are psychologically close, therefore, compared with non-cultural mixed global brands, consumers are more difficult to forgive cultural mixed brands. This study is the first to explore the impact of culture mixing on consumers, willingness to forgive from the perspective of brand mistakes, which provides a new perspective and direction for culture mixing research, thus further enriching and expanding existing studies on culture mixing. At the same time, this study also provides important guidances and suggestions for corporate’s cultural mixing design and brand crisis management.
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Consumer Happiness: The Theoretical Framework and the Research Prospect
Fan Xiucheng , Chen Xiao, Ruan Yanwen
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 78-97.  
Abstract141)      PDF (11565KB)(297)       Save
Happiness is the eternal pursuit of human beings, and consumption is the primary way for modem people to obtain happiness. Although the popularity of consumer happiness research continued to rise, a relatively independent and complete theoretical system has not formed. Currently, the research topics within this field is “ many but scattered”. To facilitate the development of this field, this study proposes a three-dimensional theoretical framework involving the research paradigm, research stance and research theme, and explains it based on a selective review. Finally, based on this framework, eight future research topics in this field are proposed, including consumer eudaimonic well-being and consumer unhappiness which belong to the research paradigm dimension, well-being marketing strategy and macro study of consumer happiness which belong to the research stance dimension, time spending and consumer happiness, Chinese and subcultural consumer happiness, digital technology and elder consumer happiness, as well as outcomes of consumer happiness which belong to the research theme dimension.
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The Interactive Effect Between Anthropomorphic Strategy of Service Robot and Consumption Task Type: Perspective of Dual Trust
Huang Minxue, Lyu Linxiang, Mao Wenxuan
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 115-136.  
Abstract268)      PDF (13642KB)(265)       Save
Empowered by new technologies such as artificial intelligence, service robots are increasing rapidly in diverse consumption markets. In fact, the interaction between service robots and consumers is a process of social exchange on the basis of trust. Anthropomorphism is one of the common strategies to increase consumers’ trust and acceptance in diverse service contexts ,but it may trigger some negative effects. This is because consumers have different expectations and needs for the anthropomorphism of service robots in different consumption contexts. Anthropomorphism can be divided into two types: anthropomorphism with human nature traits and with unique human traits, which provides a new idea for satisfying consumers’ diversified trust needs for service robots under different consumption situations. Based on three experiments, we find that under subjective service tasks, consumers will enhance their service satisfaction if the service robot is imbued with human nature traits ( vs. unique human traits) when it’s anthropomorphized externally, and this effect is mediated by emotional trust; however, under objective service tasks, consumers will enhance their service satisfaction if the service robot is imbued with unique human traits (vs. human nature traits) when it's anthropomorphized externally, and this effect is mediated by cognitive trust. The results provide specific guidance for the design of service robots and mainly enrich the literature on service robots and anthropomorphic marketing.
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The Effect of Psychological Resource Depletion on Consumers’ Ambiguity Aversion Behaviors
Yao Qing, Jiang Xia, Lei Xi, Yang Defeng
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 137-156.  
Abstract296)      PDF (11705KB)(253)       Save
Based on theories of ambiguity aversion and psychological resource depletion, the current research demonstrates the effect of psychological resource depletion on consumers’ ambiguity aversion behaviors, its underlying mechanism and boundary conditions across four studies. In the contexts of brand choice ( Study 1A) , Ellsberg's two-color-ball decision ( Study IB) and price premium ( Study 1C) , we find that psychological resource depletion enhances ambiguity aversion. The effect of psychological resource depletion on ambiguity aversion is mediated by the willingness to process the competing possibilities associated with ambiguity ( Study 2) . When the outcome becomes more ambiguous ( has a wider range of possibilities , Study 3) or consumers have more product knowledge ( require less psychological resources to process ambiguity, Study 4) , the influence of resource depletion on ambiguity aversion strengthens or attenuates.
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Interaction Effect Between Social Crowding and Self-Construal on Anthropomorphic Brand Preferences
Li Qiao, Duan Shen, Liu Fengjun, Kou Sining
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 137-157.  
Abstract200)      PDF (11549KB)(242)       Save
Based on social interference theory and the research on anthropomorphic products, this paper explores the impact of social crowding and self-construal on anthropomorphic brand preferences and the underlying mechanisms. Through a field survey and two online experiments, this study finds that consumers with different self-construal respond differently to anthropomorphic brands when they are confronted with social crowding. Specifically, when consumers hold independent self-construal, social crowding leads to a low sense of control, which hinders the realization of important goals, and thus decreasing consumers' preferences for anthropomorphic brands. However, when consumers hold dependent self - construal, social crowding has a positive effect on anthropomorphic brands preference by stimulating social warmth perception. The conclusion of this study provides guidance for anthropomorphic brand's optimization of publicity strategy.
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The Impact of Channel Multiplicity on Cross-channel Integration and Conflict
Lu Tingyu , Zhuang Guijun
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 37-55.  
Abstract212)      PDF (10846KB)(202)       Save
Based on open systems theory, by analyzing the data of 212 respondents, this paper investigates the impact of channel multiplicity on cross-channel integration, cross-channel conflict, and the firm's performance. The results show that channel multiplicity tends to increase primarily cross-channel integration and unambiguously promotes the firm's performance, whereas channel multiplicity may foster cross-channel conflict and limit the firm's performance. Moreover, the authors also find that cross-channel integration could mitigate cross-channel conflict. The paper finally discusses the theoretical and practical significance of the results and points out some limitations of this present study and directions for future studies.
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Research on Omni-Channel Marketing in the Mobile Internet Age
Liu Yi , Cui Haitao, Shu Sheng
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 2-17.  
Abstract156)      PDF (9817KB)(189)       Save
Since the General Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China published "The opinions on promoting interaction between online and offline & rapidly developing transformation and upgrading of commercial circulation" in 2015, the marketing field's attention has soared on omni - channel marketing, making omni - channel marketing research become one of the hot topics in the field of marketing research in recent years. Based on "Research on Omni-Channel Marketing in the Mobile Internet Age" funded by the Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, this article discusses three major issues including platform competition and management, channel positioning and coordination, customer migration and privacy.  On the basis of that, the authors provide intriguing directions for future omni-channel marketing research.
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Research on the Strategy Frameworks of Enhancing Chinese Brand’s Leadership
Wang Haizhong
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 18-40.  
Abstract109)      PDF (14486KB)(183)       Save
The present paper proposes that brand ( corporate or product) can additionally perform the spiritual and cultural function, in addition to its traditional material function.  So, the works involved with brand-building are defined as building not only a material but also a spiritual civilization of the country.  Therefore, brand research related knowledge should be applied at both the macro-level of public governance policies and the micro-level of enterprise management.  Motivated by the goal of building China a strong modem economy in the new era, this paper proposes three brand-related strategies to help Chinese brands to obtain leadership in the world.  The proposed three brand-related strategies include enhancing the brand's function of spiritual and cultural stimulation, applying the brand's leveraging function to economy's quality development, and valuing brand's avatar marketing.  The author discusses the general conclusions, theoretical contributions, and implications at the macro level of public policy and micro level of enterprise management.
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How to Maintain the “Originality” of the Time-honored Brand—Research on Inheritance and Innovation of Time-honored Brand based on Brand Authenticity Management
Yang Guiju, Li Ya, Hou Limin, Qu Yang
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (3): 1-24.  
Abstract127)      PDF (12914KB)(177)       Save
Promoting the inheritance of the traditional skills of time-honored brands, and realizing the development goal of "the inheritance is not a mere imitation of the ancient styles, and the innovation is not leaving behind the tradition” , is not only to promote brand building, but also an important measure to promote Chinese traditional culture. Brand authenticity management provides theoretical support for the time-honored brands to realize the inheritance and innovation of "originality". Based on the case study of Suzhou Daoxiangcun, this paper constructs a theoretical model for the inheritance and innovation of time-honored brands based on brand authenticity management. The research results show that:(1) the original authenticity management of the brand has realized the inheritance of the time-honored brands and ensured the "originality" of the time-honored brands;(2) the constructive authenticity management of the brand has promoted the brand innovation based on the "originality" of time-honored brands and realized the sustained growth of brands;(3) based on the satisfaction of customers' functional needs, experience needs and emotional needs, it has promoted the inheritance and innovation of the time-honored brand's products, marketing and culture respectively. Multi-level customer demand is an important driving factor for the authenticity management of time-honored brands.
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Humorous Negative Reviews, E-retailers, Responses and Consumers’ Attitudes toward E-retailers
Wu Ruijuan, Liu Jingjing, Zhang Zhishuai
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (3): 102-120.  
Abstract128)      PDF (11437KB)(161)       Save
In the present paper, we seek to explore the effect of negative reviews ( humorous vs. non - humorous) on consumers' attitudes toward e-retailers and the mechanism and boundary conditions behind the effect. Results of three laboratory experiments showed that compared with non-humorous negative reviews, humorous negative reviews significantly enhanced consumers' attitudes toward e-retailers. In the relationship between humorous negative reviews and consumers’ attitudes toward e-retailers, consumers' affective responses played the mediating role. In the relationship between non-humorous negative reviews and consumers’ attitudes toward e-retailers, consumers’ cognitive responses played the mediating role. Results of Study 1 showed that the response speed significantly moderated the effect of negative reviews on consumers' attitudes. Results of Study 2 showed that the moderating effect of whether e-retailers explained the cause of the problem (yes vs. no) in the relationship between negative reviews and consumers’ attitudes toward e-retailers was significant. Results of Study 3 showed that compensation money significantly moderated the effect of negative reviews on consumers' attitudes.
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Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 1-1.  
Abstract41)      PDF (810KB)(153)       Save
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The More Wandering, the Higher Intention to Share Minority Source Status Information? —The Effect of Residential Mobility and Numerical Source Status on Online Information Sharing Intention
Chen Jie, Fan Wenjian, Li Qing, Zhong Jialing
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 78-95.  
Abstract152)      PDF (10074KB)(123)       Save
Online community provides a continual social platform for the vast floating population. On this platform, consumers establish their public images by sharing information, whereby they can perform impression management and achieve their identity. From the perspective of socioecological psychology, this paper explores the joint effect of residential mobility and numerical source status upon information sharing intention, as well as its mechanism and boundary condition. Across four experiments ,this research shows that: ( 1) Residential mobility and numerical source status jointly affect consumers' information sharing intentions. Specifically, individuals with high residential mobility matched with minority source status, will have higher information sharing intention. Meanwhile, individuals with low residential mobility matched with majority source status, will have higher information sharing intention. (2) Perceived uniqueness, not social bonding motivation or self-esteem instability , mediates this joint effect mentioned above. (3) Implicit theories of personality moderate the joint effect of residential mobility and numerical source status on information sharing intention.
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Appeal for Nature Versus Culture: The Influence of Root Appeals and Consumption Goals on the Preference for Agricultural Products With Geographical Indications
Li Linzhu, Li Yanjun, Chen Tong, Zhang Gangren
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 118-136.  
Abstract89)      PDF (10705KB)(119)       Save
The natural environment, historical culture and other root resources of agricultural products are of great significances to the development of the brand value of agricultural products with geographical indications. How to make use of these root resources is an issue of great concern to the managers of geographical indications. Based on the brand authenticity theory and construal level theory, this paper divides roots into natural roots and cultural roots, and explores the divergence and formation mechanism of consumers’ preferences for the root appeals of agricultural products with geographical indications under different conditions ( “purchasing for oneself” vs. “purchasing for others”) . Three experimental studies find that, consumers of self -purchasing purpose prefer the appeal for natural roots (vs. cultural roots) , and consumers who purchase for others prefer the appeal for cultural roots (vs. natural roots) . In addition, when purchasing for oneself, perceived naturalness mediates the influence of root appeals on consumers’ purchase intentions ; when purchasing for someone else, perceived continuity mediates the influence of root appeals on consumers’ purchase intentions. This research not only enriches the related studies on agricultural product consumption behaviors and brand appeals, but also provides practical implications for the brand positioning and customer communication of agricultural products with geographical indications.
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The Effect of Facial Features of Real and Virtual Influencers on Consumers' Following Behaviors on Social Media
Xu Jie, Zhou yinghui
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (3): 43-62.  
Abstract94)      PDF (11716KB)(114)       Save
With the development of social media, influencers and virtual influencers have become one of the most important channels for customers to learn about brands and products, and have a profound impact on consumers' brand attitudes, purchase intentions, etc. However, how to choose the right influencers, especially influencers with suitable facial features, has become the primary challenge for marketing practitioners. However, we have limited understanding of the impact of influencers' faces, especially virtual influencers' faces on customers' decisions to follow influencers. Therefore, we applied the hierarchical linear multinomial logit model to quantitatively analyze the relationship between influencers' facial features and customers' decisions to follow influencers, and study whether the effects of facial features of real and virtual influenceis are different. The results show that : (1) models based on facial features can accurately explain and predict consumers' preferences for influencers' faces; (2) when faces of virtual influencers are indistinguishable from faces of real ones, there aren't any systematic differences between the effects of facial features on the consumers' preferences. Theoretically, the paper fills the research gap on the relationship between facial features and consumers' following behaviors in influencer marketing, especially in virtual influencer marketing ; practically, our findings can help guide influencer marketing practices, especially the selection and design of faces of influencers.
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Measuring Received Social Influence in Social Networks: A Comparison of Four Measures
Liu Xing, Xu Yunjie
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (2): 56-77.  
Abstract145)      PDF (11809KB)(109)       Save
The online product review social network is a social network with product information and reviews, such as Dou- ban. com. In online product review social network, consumers can not only post product reviews, but also browse friends’ product reviews. Hence, their product purchasing decisions are under the influence of word -of- mouth ( WOM). This paper proposes two novel social influence measures, namely the frequency measure and the frequency-rating measure. Both measures include the structural characteristics of one's network. The former considers actual interaction frequency between consumers f and the latter further considers the valence of WOM. This paper employs two benchmarks from literature, namely the relationship measure and the network exposure measure. The former measures one's social influence by the number of users among his friends, and the latter refers to the proportion of users among his friends. We empirically compare the four measures. The results indicate the frequency-rating measure has the best criterion validity, which is not only in line with the relationship between the social influence and purchasing behavior as suggested by theories of the consumer behavior, but also has better statistical significance and model fit. Hence, it can be used to measure the social impact of consumers, and businesses can also use it to identify susceptible consumers. It provides a more accurate measure for verifying the effect of social influence on consumer purchase.
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Branding Strategy's Practical Problems and Theoretical Innovations in the Context of Economy Transformation and Internationalization
Teng Lefa, Huang Yifan, Xie Chenxin
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 41-59.  
Abstract61)      PDF (11054KB)(101)       Save
In recent years, branding strategy has risen to the level of national strategy. Enterprises also attach more importance to their brand building. While our economy is shifting towards one of high quality and digitalization, and the new economic pattern of dual circulation is forming, the theory and practices of branding strategy are facing new problems.  Based on the characteristics of economy transformation and internationalization with dual circulation, and the development of branding strategy theory ,we discussed the emerging challenges in the core theories of firm-oriented and market-oriented branding strategy, and proposed the prospects of future research.  Our research helps to improve the understanding of branding strategy theory, further, to develop the new topics of branding strategy and provide references to solve the practical problems of branding strategy in the context of economy transformation and dual circulation.
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The Effects of Consumers' Sense of Power on Preferences for Gift Promotion
Yao Qi, Li Yuemei, Wu Zhangjian
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (3): 141-157.  
Abstract95)      PDF (11650KB)(87)       Save
Gift promotion is one of the common ways for merchants to improve sales performances. Based on the Agentic-Communal Model of sense of power, this research investigates the impact mechanism and boundary conditions of the effects of consumers' sense of power on consumers' preferences for gift promotion. The research finds that consumers' sense of power affects consumers' preferences for the types of gift promotion, and consumers with high ( vs. low) sense of power prefer alternative (vs. complementary) gifts (Experiment 1) ; thinking style (holistic vs. analytic) mediates this effect (Experiment 2); whether or not there is a choice for gift plays a moderating role. Under the condition that gifts can be chosen, consumers with high and low sense of power both prefer alternative gifts ( Experiment 3 ) . The research conclusions not only enrich and expand the literature in the field of sense of power and promotion, but also have important reference value for enterprises to design gift promotion strategies in a targeted manner.
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Digital Intelligence Platform of New Product Development
Zeng Fue, Gong Zheng, Guo Yihong
Journal of Marketing Science    2023, 3 (1): 60-77.  
Abstract79)      PDF (10590KB)(73)       Save
New product development ( NPD) is a crucial factor for the survival and development of an enterprise. With the advent of the era of digital intelligence, the NPD environment has undergone major changes, further bringing opportunities and challenges to NPD. In view of that, this article examines the new pattern of product development—the digital intelligence platform, in response to the demands of the times, and illustrates the new environment and new trends that this platform brings to NPD, as well as its core structure, operating mechanism, essential characteristics and value creation path. Specifically, the digital intelligence platfbnn provides an" open and intelligen" development environment for NPD, thereby making the space, principal part and technology of NPD show a new development trend. Further, the digital intelligence platform adopts a layered and modular architecture. This could generates appropriate business processes for NPD involving "resource accumulation, value extraction, value application, and user-product interaction". Hence, this platform has the essential characteristics of openness, intelligence and agility. Based on these three characteristics, the digital intelligence platform provides a value creation path of "digital drive, open innovation, intelligent application, and iterative innovation" for NPD. This makes it easier for developers to absorb internal and external innovation resources and efficiently convert them into new product innovation advantages ,and thus achieve the optimal fit between new products and market expectations.
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